As per dermatologists, different skin tones require different kind of treatment plans as well as customized care. Unwanted problems of pigmentation like brown spots as well as splotchy skin may have causes beyond climate change and it can surface in any kind of skin types. Luckily, medical science has many techniques that are aimed at skin lightening and have also many treatments that have proven to be very near error free. Based on the seriousness and degree of the pigmentation problem that is faced by the patient, the surgeon modifies the treatment that is to be performed on the patient. It depends on factors like skin tone and the type of treatment that can include a single therapy or even a combination of a couple of them. There are many pigmentation treatments available in India, which is used to treat several skin issues, like:
- Damage from sun can cause pigmentation issues in light skinned people. The main reason of getting dark spots in light colored individuals is because of sun damage. Years of constant exposure to the sun can lead to pigmentation, which is a condition that is marked due to increase in the pigmentation production that causes patchy skin or blemished complexion. To treat this, dermatologists usually suggest a treatment called topical hydroquinone or retinol as a treatment.
- Procedures like IPL and Q-switched lasers can also be used with the topical therapies to treat the stubborn dark spots. Dark skinned people are more prone to the pigmentation problems that are usually difficult to treat.
- Melesma and post inflammatory hyperpigmentation can be also be treated effectively. It is a patchy brown discoloration that is caused to sun-exposed areas on the face. It is usually caused at the time of pregnancy. PIH is the condition that is caused in darker skinned people and gets difficult to treat. In order to treat PIH, treatments like topical retinoids are recommended which is a group of medications taken from Vitamin A. These medications contain tretinoin, adapalene, and tazarotene.
- For the treatment of melasma, hydroquinone therapy is usually adopted by the surgeons as a mainstay treatment procedure. Chemical peels and laser treatment can also be used safely on dark skin.
Other than these therapies and treatments, consultations with an efficient doctor remains the best method to treat pigmentation as he can treat you with the best possible solutions based on your skin type and help you with the latest technology available. Dr. Debraj Shome is one such specialist in the field of cosmetic surgery with many successful cases to his name.