Ichthyosis Vulgaris (Scaly Skin on Arms & Legs)
What is Ichthyosis Vulgaris?
Ichthyosis Vulgaris is a skin condition resulting in scaly skin, especially on the arms and legs. Its name is derived from the Greek word meaning “fish.”
What are the causes?
Ichthyosis Vulgaris can be hereditary, or it may develop later in life as a result of an internal disease or the use of certain medications.
The hereditary type first appears in early childhood and accounts for more than 95% of cases of Ichthyosis Vulgaris. The acquired type usually develops in adulthood.
Who’s at risk?
As many as 1 in 250 children may have hereditary ichthyosis vulgaris. On the other hand, acquired Ichthyosis Vulgaris is rare.
In hereditary Ichthyosis, usually at least one of the affected person’s parents had the same dry, scaly skin as a child.
What are the signs and symptoms?
The most common locations for Ichthyosis Vulgaris include:
- Fronts (extensor surfaces) of the legs
The scales of Ichthyosis Vulgaris range in size from 1–10 mm and in color from white to gray to brown, with darker-skinned people often having darker scales. The legs are usually affected more than the arms. The creases on the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet are prominent and often crack during dry or cold weather. However, the scaling tends to improve in more humid or warmer weather.
Hereditary ichthyosis and acquired ichthyosis look similar, and both are usually itchy. However, the acquired form occurs in people with many internal disease conditions, systemic diseases including malignancy.
What is the treatment?
Hereditary Ichthyosis Vulgaris tends to improve after puberty, while acquired Ichthyosis Vulgaris requires treatment of the medical condition before it will improve.
However, both conditions should improve by restoring moisture (hydration) to the skin. Moisturisers work best when applied just after bathing. Preparations containing alpha-hydroxy acids such as glycolic acid or lactic acid, urea, cortisone cream, tretinoin or propylene glycol are of benefit. For more severe, stubborn ichthyosis vulgaris, oral treatments may include:
Isotretinoin, a very strong medication with many potential side effects, usually used in the treatment of severe, scarring acne.
What is the cost for treatment of Ichthyosis?
The estimated cost for the treatment will defer based upon the type of treatment followed. The consultation with Dr. Rinky Kapoor would cost you about INR 1000/-.
What is the prognosis?
The prognosis for a child with hereditary Ichthyosis Vulgaris is excellent, as most individuals improve after puberty.
The prognosis for an adult with acquired Ichthyosis Vulgaris depends upon treating the underlying medical condition or discontinuing the triggering medication.
- Backs (extensor surfaces) of the arms
- Forehead and cheeks, especially in younger children
- Poor nutrition
- Infections, such as leprosy or HIV/AIDS
- Glandular diseases, such as thyroid or parathyroid problems
- Cancer, such as lymphoma or multiple myeloma
- Use of certain medications, such as nicotinic acid, cimetidine, and clofazimine
For more information on Dr. Rinky Kapoor’s work, click on: www.theestheticclinic.com/dr-rinky-kapoor.html
The Esthetic Clinic is a world class center dedicated to skin care and plastic surgery of the entire body – and specializes in housing an experienced Dermatologist, Dr. Rinky Kapoor, who can provide world class Skin Treatments, for skin diseases and make your skin look beautiful. So if you want to go ahead and get your hair, skin, and nails treated, The Esthetic Clinic is the right place for you.
About Dr. Rinky Kapoor
Dr. Rinky Kapoor, Co-founder of The Esthetic Clinic, is one of the best dermatologists in the world & currently practices in Mumbai, India. Dr. Rinky Kapoor is a Consultant Cosmetic Dermatologist, Cosmetologist & Trichologist at S L Raheja Fortis Hospital, Mumbai, India. Dr. Kapoor is trained at the National Skin Centre, Singapore & at Stanford University, USA. A celebrity skin doctor, Dr. Rinky Kapoor has won many honors such as “Best Dermatologist Mumbai”, “Top 10 Cosmetologist India”, etc for her evidence based expert dermatology care, affordable & reliable skin care, hair care & nail care …Read more
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