Skin Pigmentation (Melasma)
What is Melasma?
Melasma is a common skin condition causing brown to gray–brown patches, melasma usually appears on the face. The cheeks, bridge of nose, forehead, chin, upper lip forearms and neck are places where melasma is likely to form. Most melasma occurs in women. Only 10% of those affected are men. People with darker skin tend to have melasma more than others.
What are the causes?
What causes melasma is still unknown
The following are known to trigger melasma:
- Family history of melasma
- Pregnancy – very common – also called mask of pregnancy
- Birth control pills
- Hormone therapy
- Phototoxic drugs
- Anti-seizure medication
- Sun exposure – Just a small amount of sun exposure is the main reason melasma returns after fading.
Melasma of forehead
What is the treatment?
Sometimes melasma fades on its own. This is especially true after a pregnancy or when a woman stops taking birth control pills.
Creams containing hydroquinone, a commonly used skin–lightening agent.
Creams containing tretinoin, corticosteroids, or glycolic acid, azelaic acid or kojic acid which may be combined with hydroquinone to enhance the skin-lightening effect.
- A chemical peel, microdermabrasion, or laser surgery also may be used to treat melasma.
While these can be successful, these procedures should be performed by a dermatologist. Complications can occur when the procedure is not tailored to the patient’s skin type.
- Sunscreen plays important role in melasma treatment. When selecting a sunscreen for everyday use, look for one that offers broad–spectrum protection (protects against UVA and UVB rays) and has an SPF (sun protection factor) of 30 or more.
When treating melasma, it also is important not to use products that irritate the skin. Any cosmetics (facial cleanser, cream, makeup, etc.) that irritate the skin may worsen melasma.
It may take several months to see substantial improvement. It is important to carefully follow your dermatologist’s directions during this time to ensure maximum benefit from the treatment. This also will help avoid skin irritation and other side effects.
What could be the estimated cost for treating a case of Melasma?
The cost for the treatment depends upon the mode of treatment followed. Treatment with chemical peels, mocrodermabrasion and laser therapy will cost much higher as compared to treatment using topical creams and/or lotions containing tretinoin, glycolic acid, etc. In general, a single consultation with Dr. Rinky Kapoor would cost you about INR 1000/-.
What is the prognosis?
Dermal pigment may take a long time to resolve than epidermal pigment since there is no effective therapy available that can remove dermal pigment. However, treatment should not be withheld because of a preponderance of dermal pigment.
Resistant cases or recurrences of melasma take place often and if sunlight exposure is not avoided it is likely to recur.
For more information on Dr. Rinky Kapoor’s work, click on:www.theestheticclinic.com/dr-rinky-kapoor.html
The Esthetic Clinic is a world class center dedicated to skin care and plastic surgery of the entire body – and specializes in housing an experienced Dermatologist, Dr. Rinky Kapoor, who can provide world class Skin Treatments, for skin diseases and make your skin look beautiful. So if you want to go ahead and get your hair, skin, and nails treated, The Esthetic Clinic is the right place for you.
About Dr. Rinky Kapoor
Dr. Rinky Kapoor, Co-founder of The Esthetic Clinic, is one of the best dermatologists in the world & currently practices in Mumbai, India. Dr. Rinky Kapoor is a Consultant Cosmetic Dermatologist, Cosmetologist & Trichologist at S L Raheja Fortis Hospital, Mumbai, India. Dr. Kapoor is trained at the National Skin Centre, Singapore & at Stanford University, USA. A celebrity skin doctor, Dr. Rinky Kapoor has won many honors such as “Best Dermatologist Mumbai”, “Top 10 Cosmetologist India”, etc for her evidence based expert dermatology care, affordable & reliable skin care, hair care & nail care …Read more
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