Molluscum, Contagiosum – Skin Viral Infection
What is molluscum contagiosum?
Molluscum contagiosum is a common painless and usually harmless viral infection of the skin. It usually goes away after several months or few years. Molluscum can spread to surrounding skin by scratching or rubbing and can spread to others by skin-to-skin contact or handling contaminated objects such as towels, toys, and clothing. Poor hygiene and warm, moist climates encourage the spread of molluscum. Use of public or school swimming pools is associated with childhood infections.
Who’s at risk?
Adults are more often infected by molluscum through sexual contact and tend to have genital lesions. Children are most commonly affected with lesions appearing on the face, neck, arms, armpits, and hands. Patients with eczema and defective immunity like HIV infection may be more severely affected by molluscum.
What are the signs and symptoms?
One or more small (1–5 mm) pink, white, or skin-colored, smooth, dome-shaped bumps, often with a tiny dot or depression in the center, occur in clusters and sometimes in a straight line from scratching and self-inoculation. In patients with a defective immune system, bumps can be larger.
What is the treatment?
- Mild infections go away on their own. Care should be taken to not scratch the areas.
- Removal with freezing (cryosurgery), scraping (curettage), burning (electrocautery), or a laser
- Application of chemicals (a strong acid or alkali) or Cantharone (an extract from a blister beetle)
- Tretinoin cream(derived from vitamin A) or imiquimod (a prescription product also used to treat warts, another type of viral infection)
How to prevent from acquiring infection with molluscum?
The following preventive measures to be followed:
- Maintain proper hygiene. Regular hand washing will keep the virus away from thriving in your hands and spreading to the other body parts.
- Ask your friend/relative who has acquired the infection, to cover their lesions with a watertight bandage/dressing.
- Avoid using the items that have been used by the person who is already infected with the virus.
- Make it a point to always disinfect the stuff that you share with the individual carrying the virus.
- Avoid skin contact with the person who is carrying the virus.
- Do not scratch the affected regions nor pick them as this will help spreading the virus.
- Avoid shaving the regions having Molluscum bumps since this may also help spreading the virus.
- Avoid sexual intercourse with a partner who is carrying the virus, particularly if the molluscum bumps have reached the genital region.
Molluscum contagiosum may be a harmless virus, however if left untreated or if not treated with appropriate medications, it may worsen and last for months or even years.
What is the cost of treatment for a case of Molluscum contagiosum?
The expenditure on treatment will vary depending upon the mode of treatment chosen. Treatment using topical creams etc. would cost much lesser compared to that using Laser or Cryosurgery therapy. This is because laser treatment requires multiple sessions to give the desired outcomes. In general, a single consultation with Dr. Rinky Kapoor would cost about INR 1000/-.
For more information on Dr. Rinky Kapoor’s work, click on:
The Esthetic Clinic is a world class center dedicated to skin care and plastic surgery of the entire body – and specializes in housing an experienced Dermatologist, Dr. Rinky Kapoor, who can provide world class Skin Treatments, for skin diseases and make your skin look beautiful. So if you want to go ahead and get your hair, skin, and nails treated, The Esthetic Clinic is the best option for you.
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About Dr. Rinky Kapoor
Dr. Rinky Kapoor, Co-founder of The Esthetic Clinic, is one of the best dermatologists in the world & currently practices in Mumbai, India. Dr. Rinky Kapoor is a Consultant Cosmetic Dermatologist, Cosmetologist & Trichologist at S L Raheja Fortis Hospital, Mumbai, India. Dr. Kapoor is trained at the National Skin Centre, Singapore & at Stanford University, USA. A celebrity skin doctor, Dr. Rinky Kapoor has won many honors such as “Best Dermatologist Mumbai”, “Top 10 Cosmetologist India”, etc for her evidence based expert dermatology care, affordable & reliable skin care, hair care & nail care …Read more
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