Thrush Fungal Infection – Mucocutaneous Candidiasis
What is Mucocutaneous Candidiasis?
It refers to a condition caused by a fungus from the candida family that develops an infection of the mouth, nails, skin, and at times other organs.
Who is affected?
Mucocutaneous candidiasis– affects infants, starts usually before 3 years and young adults, is rarely seen in adults with other diseases.
What are the symptoms?
- Oral Thrush
- Thrush lesions in the esophagus, causes pain and difficulty swallowing
- Lesions on the larynx, causing hoarse voice
- Fingernails and toenails – painful, reddened, and tense swelling at the base or along the sides
- Reddened, irritated areas seen under the arms, groin, breasts, vagina.These areas are often itchy and uncomfortable
- Hard and horn-like lesions with a reddened base, on the skin, scalp, and trunk
- In very rare occasions infection of deeper organs or in the blood.
How is it diagnosed?
- Examination under a microscope shows the presence of candida
- Blood samples.
What is the treatment?
Topical therapy, including clotrimazole troches or nystatin, oral fluconazole is as effective. Itraconazole, Ketoconazole are less effective than fluconazole
For effective treatment of esophageal candidiasis a 14-21-day course of either fluconazole or itraconazole solution is highly effective.
Caspofungin and voriconazole are effective in treating esophageal candidiasis among HIV-1-infected patients, fluconazole remains the preferred agent.
Uncomplicated vaginal infection is treated with:
- Topical clotrimazole for 3-7 days
- Topical nystatin
- Oral Itraconazole
- Oral fluconazole 1 dose.
How much does the treatment for Candidiasis cost?
The cost of the treatment depends on the treatment modality. In general, the consultation charges are about INR 1000/-.
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About Dr. Rinky Kapoor
Dr. Rinky Kapoor, Co-founder of The Esthetic Clinic, is one of the best dermatologists in the world & currently practices in Mumbai, India. Dr. Rinky Kapoor is a Consultant Cosmetic Dermatologist, Cosmetologist & Trichologist at S L Raheja Fortis Hospital, Mumbai, India. Dr. Kapoor is trained at the National Skin Centre, Singapore & at Stanford University, USA. A celebrity skin doctor, Dr. Rinky Kapoor has won many honors such as “Best Dermatologist Mumbai”, “Top 10 Cosmetologist India”, etc for her evidence based expert dermatology care, affordable & reliable skin care, hair care & nail care …Read more
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