What are skin moles and warts?
As much as we like to believe that we should not judge a book by its cover and that ‘Beauty lies in the eyes of the beholder’, we are still very concerned with our looks and physical appearance.
If you have been bothered by certain facial imperfections such as having moles, warts or skin tags on your face or body, then The Esthetic Clinic brings you some hope. For many people, having warts and moles can bring embarassment and awkwardness which can be detrimental to the self esteem and inner confidence within. There are many people who are still judged on first impression and this can lead to a self confidence and self esteem issue.
What are Warts and Moles?
These things are skin lesions and most of them are non cancerous or benign and if you find them irritable, painful and an ugly thing, you can have them removed.
Some moles that change in colour and shape may be cancerous and the doctor may advice you to undergo surgery. Oftentimes, patients are referred for biopsy, wherein the sample of a lesion is examined in the laboratory.
What are the causes of Moles and what do they look like?
Most moles occur in childhood, adolescence or early adulthood. They are due to abnormal collection of pigment producing cells known as melanocytes in the skin. Most moles are dark and pigmented, but some may be lightly pigmented or even flesh coloured. Moles are small, flat and pigmented when they appear but the clinical appearance changes with the life cycle of the mole. With advancing age they become raised and dome shaped, and often appear lighter. These changes do not signify cancerous changes and except for cosmetic reasons do not require removal. Occasionally, changed moles may be a cause for concern if they develop irregular border, bleeding or sudden increase in size and you should consult a dermatologist.
How are moles treated at The Esthetic Clinic?
- Surgical excision -
Moles are often removed on cosmetic grounds. The choice of treatment is surgical excision. The mole may be sent for histological examination for confirmation of diagnosis or to rule out an atypical mole or cancer. After excision, there will be stitches in place which will be removed after 7-14 days, depending on the location of the mole. The mole will be replaced by a line scar.
The dermatologist may also advise radiofrequency ablation for the mole.
- Carbon dioxide laser vaporization -
The latest nonsurgical modality of treatment. However, it will be decided by the dermatologist if this is the right procedure for you.
What are Warts?
Warts are skin overgrowths which are due to viral proliferation in the upper layers of the skin. There are many types of warts, and they can occur anywhere on the skin, more commonly on the face, hands and feet. They are due to the inability of the skin immune system to fight that particular virus resulting in overgrowth of the virus in the skin.
- Carbon dioxide laser ablation – treatment of choice
- Cryotherapy with liquid nitrogen
- Paring of the wart followed by chemical cautery
- Radiofrequency cautery
However, there can be chances of recurrence, hence improving the general immunity is recommended.
What are Skin tags?
These are harmless skin coloured or brown growths, which commonly occur on the neck, underarms, groins or eyelids. They vary in size from less than 1mm to as large as 10 mm. They are often asymptomatic and often occur as multiple lesions.
- Carbon dioxide laser excision
- Radiofrequency cautery
- These can be easily removed, if so desired by a snip excision or a electrocautery. This is done under topical anesthesia such as using emla cream.
After the surgery, there will be superficial wounds which will heal in 4-7 days. There may be some post inflammatory darkening after the wound heals. But this will usually fade away with time, over the next few weeks.
What are Seborrheic Keratoses?
These are superficial skin overgrowths which appear in increasing numbers with age. In early lesions, they are brown and slightly raised, however, they may become fairly large and pigmented nodules. They are commonly located on the face but can also be seen on the trunk, groin, and sun exposed areas. These are benign lesions and do not transfer into skin cancer.
Cosmetic removal of seborrheic keratoses can be performed in various ways, depending on the clinical type.
- Early seborrheic keratoses can be treated with liquid nitrogen.
- Multiple ones are best treated with electrocautery.
- Carbon dioxide laser ablation
- Radiofrequency cautery
What Is Sebaceous Hyperplasia?
These are yellowish lesions often seen on the cheeks. They have a characteristic central dimpling. This benign tumor is due to an increase in proliferation of oil glands just below the surface of the skin.
These may be treated with electrocautery or laser. These treatments will flatten the lesions. However, there is a risk of scarring and recurrence following treatment.
You can continue your routine activities after the moles and warts are removed. However, you have to practice extra care and you have to ensure that you don’t scrape or knock the treated area.
Now that you know how the moles, warts and skin tags are removed, consult your dermatologist. Only your doctor can determine the best way to remove your lesions. Don’t try to pick the moles or warts to remove them because this can cause irritation.
If the moles or warts are cancerous, the more reason you have to consult the dermatologist. Visit your doctor now and see what he or she has to say. Cancerous moles or warts are treated differently and so if skin lesions are suspicious, don’t hesitate to have them treated.