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Cosmetic Surgery

What is Hair Loss

What is Hair Loss and Hair Fall in Men & Women

“Happiness is not seeing any hair in the comb or the drain” most men and women will agree with this fact that  more than any other skin problem, hair loss is considered to the most depressing of problems.  In medical terms, hair loss is the thinning of hair on the scalp i.e. the hair stops growing. The medical term for hair loss is alopecia.

Alopecia is a common condition and most of us go through it at some point of the life. Even children are not left untouched by it. Hair loss can be temporary or permanent and timely treatment can even delay and reverse hair loss in most of the cases.

Hair loss is not accompanied by any symptom except that you start noticing hair everywhere i.e. every time you comb or hair, or wash your hair or when you try to style your hair. The most common cases of hair loss include

  • Eating habits and anorexia
  • The heredity
  • Thyroid disease
  • Ringworm on scalp
  • Anaemia
  • Medications such as chemical chemotherapy
  • Pregnancy
  • Immune system malfunction
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Age
  • Scalp psoriasis
  • Stress

And many more.

Sometimes even a slight change in your routine or too much exercise can trigger some temporary alopecia. Age related hair loss happens gradually and in men, it is more pronounce than women do.

How does the hair grow?

On an average, there are more than 100,000 of hair that are undergoing the cycle of growth, rest and shedding and regenerating. The regular hair cycle consist of three phases

  • Anagen phase i.e. the growth phase. Almost 85% of hair on your scalp are in anagen phase at a time.
  • Catagen phase i.e. the transition phase. This phase lasts for about two to three week and in this, the hair follicles shrink.
  • Telogen phase i.e. the resting phase. In this the hair is neither growing or nor shedding. This phase lasts for about four months. The shedding begins at the end of this phase.

If your hair follicles are healthy then the next growth phase will begin in the same follicle. If the hair cycle is disrupted or the follicle is damaged then the new hair will not grow and you will start to see increase hair fall with overall thinning and bald patches on the scalp. Our dermatologist at The Esthetic Clinics specialize in hair and scalp disorders and can identify the type of hair loss, the cause of hair loss and treatment options.

Types of hair loss

Hair loss can be hair fall or hair shedding. Hair shedding is the condition when the hair falls at higher rate than normal and hair fall is hair thinning. Hair loss can be classified in many types, for some alopecia is localized and in some people, the loss affects large areas and the entire scalp. Here is an overview of different types of hair loss:

Alopecia areata

This is the most common type of hair loss and is caused because of an autoimmune condition. In this type of hair loss, the body’s immune system attacks the hair follicles and the hair starts falling out. This type of hair loss can affect the entire body (alopecia universalis) or be limited to only the scalp (alopecia totalis) and in men when the hair loss is in the beard area it is called alopecia barbae. This type of hair loss can affect men, women, and children. Hair loss treatment for alopecia areata involves medications and QR678 hair regrowth treatment.

Traction alopecia

This type of hair loss is caused when the pulling of hair causes the hair to come out of the follicles. This condition of hair loss occurs when the patient uses tight braids or chemical treatments like straightening or weaving. This type of hair loss needs immediate treatment to prevent it from becoming a permanent condition.  Also, you should wear hair styles that are lose and do not pull on the skin or hair roots.

Trichotillomania

This type of alopecia is caused because of a physiological disorder, which compels a person to pull their hair out from the scalp and other part of the body. The hair loss treatment for this type of hair loss include medication and behavioural therapy.

Tinea capitis

This type of hair loss is triggered because of fungal infection in the scalp. This is also called as ringworm of the scalp. The fungus attacks on the hair shafts and the follicles loose hair. The most common indication of this condition is bald patches with black dots on the affected area. The balding areas become bigger over time and can look red or scaly and become itchy. When not treated sores or blisters can develop on the scalp. Antifungal medications are the best treatment for tinea capitis hair loss.

Telogen Effluvium

This type of hair loss causes thinning of the hair on the scalp in an uneven manner. Large number of hair follicles move into the resting phase suddenly and the next growth phase does not start immediately and this causes hair to fall off from some areas of the scalp. This type of hair loss is caused because of medical events, thyroid imbalance, childbirth, injury or surgery or even fever. You can also lose hair because of nutrient deficiencies or starting or stopping oral contraceptives. Usually the hair grows on its own but if it does not then hair specialist in India can recommend hair fall treatment to regrow hair.

Anagen effluvium

This is the rapid hair loss resulting from a medical treatment such as chemotherapy. The hair usually grow back on its own. Best hair fall treatment experts in India use modern treatments like QR678 to aid in faster hair growth.

Androgenetic alopecia

Referred to as pattern baldness androgenetic alopecia can affect both males and females. This accounts for a majority of hair loss worries in men and women. The reason behind this type of hair loss is a combination of hormones and genetics. There are two type of pattern hair loss:

Male androgenetic alopecia

In this type of hair loss, the hair receded in the pattern of M from the hairline. Male androgenetic alopecia can start as early as at the age of 20 in young males.

Female pattern hair loss

Hair loss starts with the top of the scalp and is noticeable in the form of a Christmas tree pattern. This happens with age but this type of hair loss can begin any time after puberty.

Cicatricial Alopecia

This type of hair loss is also known as scaring alopecia. This is a very rare type of hair fall disorder and is caused because of inflammation in hair follicles, which causes scar tissue formation. The common symptoms of hair loss includes severe itching, swelling on the scalp.

Problems in Hair shaft

This type of hair loss causes the hair shaft to break at places. This happens when the hair follicles are not able to make the strands strong. The shaft becomes weak and thin and becomes brittle and breaks easily. Loose anagen syndrome and Hypotrichosis are two most common types of hair shaft abnormalities.

Hair loss treatment

The hair loss treatment begins with identification of its cause. Before you start taking over the counter medications and home remedies, visit one of the best hair fall treatment specialist in India to find out the actual reason behind the hair fall and the most suitable treatment for the same. If the hair loss is because of an underlying medical condition then it needs to be addressed before starting any scalp treatment. The common hair loss treatments available in Mumbai that can help you get your health back:

  • Medications
  • Laser treatments
  • QR678 hair regrowth treatment
  • PRP hair fall treatment
  • Stem cell treatment
  • Hair transplant
  • QR678 hair transplant 

Why Choose The Esthetic Clinics

The Esthetic Clinics, India has a team of dedicated specialist to each procedure unlike other clinics where all procedures are done by one consultant. At The Esthetic Clinics, we have one trained and experienced consultant leading a skilled team of plastic surgeons and cosmetic surgeons for every speciality. Our team believes in treating each patient with problem specific and customized treatment. For example you might think that an intrusive surgery can only solve your hair and skin problem but in reality the modern treatments used by our consultants can help get rid of the problem in a non-surgical and easy manner as well. If you too have been suffering from the crippling problem of uncontrollable hair fall the expert hair specialist at The Esthetic Clinics, India can help you solve this problem in a simple and effective manner. You too can now enjoy a healthy mane of hair with our holistic hair restoration treatments done by expert hair transplant surgeons.

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About Doctor

Dr. Debraj Shome

Dr. Debraj Shome is Director and Co founder of The Esthetic Clinics. He has been rated amongst the top surgeons in India by multiple agencies. The Esthetic Clinics patients include many international and national celebrities who prefer to opt for facial cosmetic surgery and facial plastic surgery in Mumbai because The Esthetic Clinics has its headquarters there.



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