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Malignant Melanoma Surgery

Best Malignant Melanoma Surgery in India

Malignant melanoma is one of the deadliest types of cancer that can become life-threatening over time and if not diagnosed or treated in time. Almost every human being on earth knows about cancer and its deadly outcomes. Consult for more information on skin cancer at The Esthetic Clinics in Mumbai. Malignant melanoma is one such cancer form that can prove to be a deadly condition. Melanocytes are responsible for producing pigments in the skin. These are also responsible for the mutation and growth of cancerous melanoma on the skin. 

What Is Malignant Melanoma?

Malignant melanoma is a cancer form that grows out of an existing mole on the skin by materializing over the surface. Sometimes the malignant is also seen occurring in the eyes and other body parts. Melanocytes that produce melanoma might mutate and become a complex series of growth and transition on the existing mole's skin resulting in skin cancer. More often ignore symptoms or fail to identify them in the time leading to the severity of the condition.

 

Malignant Melanoma Symptoms 

Melanomas or moles on the skin can develop on the skin anywhere, to say the least. Mostly they are seen more prone to occur in areas that get more exposure to the sun. However, in some cases, these can also occur in areas that do not get much sun. Almost everyone has some form of spots, moles, or freckles on the skin to begin with the symptoms. These age spots or growth can be harmless but they can be alarming if there is any abnormal change associated with them.

Mostly found on the face, legs, arms, back, these can occur anywhere. Malignant symptoms can be diagnosed better at The Esthetic Clinics in Mumbai as well. Here are some common symptoms to read malignant melanoma signs:

  • Change in the shape and size of an existing mole.
  • Change in the color of the moles and growth. 
  • The asymmetrical shape of new growth on the skin.

 

What Is The Cause Of Malignant Melanoma?

Melanin is produced by melanocytes cells responsible for giving color to the skin. In most cases malignant melanoma causes include exposure to sun or genetical factors leading to cancerous cells growth. Normally skin regenerates cells in a fixed order and process where new skin pushes the older skin towards the surface of the skin. These old skin cells die coming towards the surface and form dead skin to give way to newer skin cells underneath. This way the skin cells form. However, when there is some abnormality in the growth and control, these cells might start growing abruptly to begin forming cancerous cells on the skin.

There is still uncertainty about why such genetical changes happen in the first place. But, expert cosmetic surgeons and skin doctors believe the primary cause is sun radiation followed by the genetics of a person. Ultraviolet or UV rays from the sun and tanning lamps are known for causing melanoma. However, there are cases where patients are diagnosed with cancerous cells at body parts with no exposure to the sun. Therefore, pointing towards other factors also being the root cause of the problem. 

 

The Treatment Plan Of Malignant Melanoma

Malignant melanoma diagnosis requires a visit to our clinics in Mumbai or a clinic nearby. Many patients are not aware of their treatment possibilities and disease progression. The treatment plan starts with diagnosis and weighing down the severity of the condition of the patient. PET scan as suggested by our experts at The Esthetic Clinic in India will ascertain the progression of the disease to help route plan the treatment. Once scanning, diagnosing, and consultation is made, following treatment plans are taken into consideration: 

  • Lymph nodes with cancerous growth are removed in case the malignant melanoma is spreading to nodes surrounding it. 
  • Radiation therapy sessions are based on the severity of skin cancer.
  • Chemotherapy sessions of various types are used to treat malignant melanoma like Carboplatin, Dacarbazine, Temozolomide, Paclitaxel, etc.
  • Biological Therapy is another course of action that can help with the treatment of malignant melanoma where a patient’s immune system is made to attack the cancerous cells.
  • Target therapy is another treatment option for malignant melanoma that has advanced to a certain stage. Also, target therapy for malignant melanoma treatment must have certain genetic conditions. 

 

What Are The Risk Factors That Can Cause Malignant Melanoma?

Here are several factors that can cause malignant melanoma in India:

  • Fair complexion

Lesser pigments of color or melanin in the skin mean lesser protection from the harmful UV rays. This grows manifold if the fair-complexioned person is with blond hair or for that matter red hair. People with light shades of eye color have more chances of getting malignant melanoma. Especially if a person is prone to getting freckles or sunburn easily. 

  • Exposure to UV

History and research done on malignant melanoma or skin cancers reveal that people who are more exposed to sun or UV lights can have an increased risk of getting cancer of the skin. So much so that the tanning beds can increase the probability of getting skin cancer by great numbers. 

  • Living on high grounds or close to the equator

People who live closer to the equator are more prone to getting skin cancer because they live in a condition where the sun’s rays are coming more stronger and direct. Also, the same goes for people living on elevations higher than plains or close to sea level. 

  • Moles or unusual growth

Almost everyone has some sort of moles or freckles on their skin. However, people having 50 or more moles on their skin are often at more risk to get skin cancer or melanoma. Unusual moles can have irregular edges and size difference that tends to have a mix of colors as well. Such moles or dysplastic nevi can become a significant reason for skin cancer.  

  • Immune system weakness

A weak immune system attracts various health concerns, one of them is the increased risk of malignant melanoma or other forms of skin cancer. Many attributes can cause a weakened immune system like strong medication or use of steroids, organ transplant, chronic ailment, etc. 

  • Family history

Skin cancer and other diseases might run in families based on similar genetics and DNA designs. Siblings and blood relatives with skin cancers can pass on the chances of getting malignant melanoma to the next generation as well. 

 

Prevention

What is better than the cure? Prevention. There are several lifestyle changes and prevention tips that might help to lessen the chances of getting malignant melanoma or any type of skin cancer. Here are some prevention tips:

  • Stay Sun Safe

It is paramount to note the sun's share of causing skin cancer in people. Many people are not aware that they are under the sun’s harmful radiation even if it is a cloudy day. To prevent getting harmful rays to touch the skin, try and schedule the daily activities in such a way that sun time is as less as possible.

Be vary of cloudy and wintertime as the sun is equally shining and radiating UV rays. It is crucial to avoid sun exposure and getting suntans or sunburns, as they increase the chance of getting skin cancer. Even an accumulated sun exposure of over a year can turn into skin cancer.  

  • Protection from sun

Keeping skin safe from the sun and harmful radiation is of utmost importance, to stay safe from getting skin cancer or malignant melanoma. Sunglasses, hats, scarves, etc are extremely helpful in getting sun protection and thus diminishing the chances to get skin cancer.

  • Sunscreen

Using a heavy sunscreen with even heavier SPF numbers can help a lot to stay safe from the sun. Expert dermatologists and cosmetic surgeons at our clinics in Mumbai advise putting sunscreen year-round to safeguard the skin from the sun. Using it generously and repeatedly, even on cloudy days is what can save skin from the sun. 

  • Avoid tanning

Tanning is harmful to the skin and can play with the skin’s natural colors myelocytes. Tanning booths and lams have UV rays that can cause skin cancer. 

  • Examine regularly

One crucial thing to prevent any serious damage to health is to be aware of your skin. The Esthetic Clinics in Mumbai have the best possible team to help people assess their skin and any new changes they might experience. Early diagnosis can prevent any critical damage to health or life. 

 

What To Expect From The Treatment And Doctor?

While looking for malignant melanoma treatment in India, make sure to visit our clinics in Mumbai to get more information on skin cancer. Our expert cosmetic surgeons are well versed in the severity and stages of skin cancer. Dr. Debraj Shome has done some remarkable work in treating various forms of skin diseases. His unparallel work in the field of skin and aesthetics is world-famous. His team of staff at The Esthetic Clinics in Mumbai are well equipped to diagnose and understand various stages and mutations of malignant melanoma in India. 

Malignant melanoma is one such form of skin cancer that can become a deadly disease for a patient. Early diagnosis and awareness are key to combat this form of skin cancer in India. Proper diagnosis at The Esthetic Clinics in Mumbai can help get early identification and malignant melanoma treatment in India

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About Doctor

Dr. Debraj Shome

Dr. Debraj Shome is Director and Co founder of The Esthetic Clinics. He has been rated amongst the top surgeons in India by multiple agencies. The Esthetic Clinics patients include many international and national celebrities who prefer to opt for facial cosmetic surgery and facial plastic surgery in Mumbai because The Esthetic Clinics has its headquarters there.



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