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Everyone has moles which generally look like a dark brown spot. They are also called as “beauty marks.”
Moles can appear anywhere on the skin, are usually brown in color, can be skin colored and of various sizes and shapes. The brown color is caused by melanocytes, special cells that produce the pigment melanin.
Most appear during the first 20 years of life, some may appear later. Sun exposure increases the number of moles and can darken them. During the teen years and pregnancy, moles also get darker and larger and new ones may appear.
The typical life cycle of the common mole takes about 50 years. At first, moles are flat and can be pink, brown or black in color. Over time, they usually enlarge can become more raised and lighter in color and some develop hairs. Some moles will slowly fade away. They may develop a small “stalk” and eventually fall off.
Recent studies have shown that certain types of moles have a higher-than-average risk of becoming cancerous. They may develop into a form of skin cancer known as malignant melanoma. People with many more moles than average (greater than 100) are also more at risk for melanoma.
Moles known as dysplastic nevi or atypical moles are larger than average. They tend to have uneven color with uneven border. These moles often run in families. They may have a greater chance of developing malignant melanoma and should be seen regularly by a dermatologist to check for any changes that might indicate skin cancer. They should also learn to do regular self-examinations, looking for changes in the color, size or shape of their moles or the appearance of new moles. If the appearance of a mole worries you or if it changes suddenly in any way, you should consult a dermatologist.
If you notice a mole that does not follow the normal pattern, a dermatologist may be able to assure you that the mole is harmless, or confirm that it is cancerous. He or she may remove the mole or part of it (biopsy) to study it under a microscope. If the growth was only partially removed and it is found to be cancerous, then the entire lesion and an extra margin of safety will need to be removed.
A person may wish to get rid of moles for cosmetic reasons, the most common methods of removal include numbing and shaving the mole off, or cutting out the entire lesion and stitching the area closed, or a scar less radiofrequency excision. The hair over the mole can be clipped close to the skin’s surface, or removed permanently with electrolysis or laser.
Sometimes a mole will recur after it is removed. If a mole has been removed and begins to reappear, the patient should return to the dermatologist.
Cost for the treatment depends upon the type of treatment chosen. Laser treatment for mole removal will be relatively costly compared to removing a mole surgically. Regular follow ups with the dermatologist are recommended as chances of recurrence are there. In general, a consultation with Dr. Debraj Shome will be chargeable at INR 1000/-.
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The Esthetic Clinic is a world class center dedicated to skin care and plastic surgery of the entire body – and specializes in housing an experienced Dermatologist, Dr. Rinky Kapoor, who can provide world class Skin Treatments, for skin diseases and make your skin look beautiful. So if you want to go ahead and get your hair, skin, and nails treated, The Esthetic Clinic is the right place for you.