Pruritus is a sensation that makes a person wants to scratch. In severe cases, it can lead to sleeplessness, anxiety, and depression. It is a complex process involving nerves that respond to certain chemicals like histamine that are released in the skin, and the processing of nerve signals in the brain. Pruritus can be a part of skin diseases, internal disorders, or due to faulty processing of the itch sensation within the nervous system.
To determine the cause of the itch, a blood test, skin scraping, or biopsy may be needed to help make the diagnosis. If the itch is due to a skin disease such as hives or eczema, treatment of the skin disease, with prescription topical medications and/or oral antihistamines generally relieves the itch. If the itch is secondary to an internal disease, patients may require treatment of the disease, oral medication, or occasionally ultraviolet light therapy to relieve the itch.
A cooling topical lotion or cream and/or an oral medication may relieve the itch. While a specific identifying cause for the itch may not be found, an appropriate work-up to exclude internal disease should be completed.Although there are many causes for pruritus, some basic steps are required to be followed in order to protect your skin:
Treatment for pruritus varies depending on the cause. Treatment requires administering antihistaminics, topical steroids that help to relieve itching. Your Skin Specialist would choose the treatment that is best suited for you. In general, a single consultation with Dr. Rinky Kapoor is chargeable at INR 1000/-.
For more information on Dr. Rinky Kapoor’s work, click on: theestheticclinic.com/dr-rinky-kapoor.html