All you need to know about the skin condition Psoriasis, and how to take care of it
Psoriasis is caused because of a malfunctioning autoimmune system. It causes some areas of the skin to become thickened, inflamed, and red and covered with silvery scales.
Our body and skin work in mysterious ways and the choric condition of psoriasis is one of the examples of the same. Psoriasis is caused because of a malfunctioning autoimmune system. It causes some areas of the skin to become thickened, inflamed, and red and covered with silvery scales. Psoriasis can affect the entire skin or remain contained in a single area. It can affect anybody in any age group and psoriasis does not discriminate in gender.
The exact cause or trigger of the psoriasis is not known but it begins inside your immune system. The T cells (a type of white blood cells) are meant to protect the body from infections and virus attacks. If, because of some unknown reason the T cells become active even when there is no foreign body attack on the system, they set off other immune responses, which in turn can lead to psoriasis. The rapid proliferation of skin cells causes the dry flaky silvery-white skin scales to appear on various area of skin such as elbows, knees, and scalp.
What are the different kinds of Psoriasis?
There are mainly five different kinds of psoriasis, plaque psoriasis which is the most common type and is characterized with raised red patches on the skin, gutate psoriasis appears in the form of small drop like spots, inverse psoriasis occurs in the folds of the skin such as underarms, navel, groin and buttock areas, pustular psoriasis is represented by small pus-filled blisters, and erythrodermic psoriasis in which the entire skin is covered and then sheds in large sheets. Psoriasis can affect the nail and scalp too and can lead to dandruff, itching, and hair loss.
Psoriasis works in erratic ways and has a variable course of improvement and worsening. In some people, it goes in remission for years and then suddenly flares up and in some, it needs constant attention. There is a known cure for psoriasis but it can be easily managed if you work closely with your dermatologist and reach a skincare regime that suits you. The important thing to remember is that psoriasis is not an infection and it is definitely not contagious. However, people suffering from psoriasis do tend to feel a little conscious of the skin condition and this often affects their lifestyle. Modern treatments and correct skincare regime can easily help you manage psoriasis and reduce any discomfort caused because of cracking and bleeding of the skin.
How to reduce the effects of Psoriasis on your skin, and life
Simple lifestyle and diet changes can also go a long way in helping to reduce the effects of psoriasis. Here is what you can do:
Skincare in Psoriasis
The golden rule is to do not buy any skincare product that claims to be ‘the cure’ for psoriasis.
Haircare in Psoriasis
Nail care in case of Nail Psoriasis
Cosmetic procedures for the skin
With psoriasis, you need to be extra careful with skin treatments. Botox and fillers do not cause problems but procedures such as chemical peels, dermabrasion, and laser skin resurfacing may not suit your skin. Consult your dermatologist before you go in for any such treatment.
Skincare from inside out
Dr. Debraj Shome is Director and Co founder of The Esthetic Clinics. He has been rated amongst the top surgeons in India by multiple agencies. The Esthetic Clinics patients include many international and national celebrities who prefer to opt for facial cosmetic surgery and facial plastic surgery in Mumbai because The Esthetic Clinics has its headquarters there.